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We try hard to keep ourselves healthy and happy. Knowingly and unknowingly we get exposed to so many bacteria and viruses. It is essential to know properly about the major Bacterial Disease in Human and the steps to combat them for a healthy life. Bacteria are everywhere around us, from our skin to inner wall of mouth, intestinal walls and the genitals. But all the bacteria don’t cause disease, these bacteria staying in our body clean the waste materials of our body. When the pathogenic bacteria attack our body, these bacteria fight against them, in case the pathogens overcrowd the good bacteria they spread infections and diseases. It’s a rigorous effort by our team of experts at Bacterial Diseases, to create awareness and educate people through our web portal about the lethal diseases caused by bacteria.

The most common and some less known bacterial diseases are elaborated below.

There are various bacteria that are pathogens and float around us to attack our body, the most known are the Gram positive Cocci:

Staphylococci aureus spreads Toxic Shock Syndrome and caused due to infections at hospitals. It can spread in different ways, through infected equipments, bedding at hospitals and even through air. Hygiene is good to stay away from it, but again too much cleaning with soaps can wash away the natural antibiotics from your skin and make you vulnerable.

Streptococcus pneumonia attacks the lungs and cause pneumonia. It is spread through coughing. So if someone is infected make sure to give tissues for coughing and clean hands after that.

From the Streptococci family Streptococcus pyogenes causes strep throat, one kind of inflammation in the throat. But not all streptococci are pathogens, Streptococcus thermophilus helps to make yogurt from milk.

Treatment for this group of bacteria is done mostly with Penicillin but resistant strains were noticed after overuse. This is common problem in hospital infection related diseases caused due to S. aureus.

Gram negative Cocci are responsible to cause diseases like meningitis and gonorrhea in humans;

Neiserria Meningitidis is responsible for causing Meningitis that affects the membrane around the brain and spinal cord. This is a life threatening disease as the inflammation can damage hearing or vision of the patient or damage the brain cells and make it lethal.

Neisseria Gonorrheae is the bacterium responsible to cause Gonorrhea, which is a sexually transmitted disease and spreads through sexual relationship between a healthy and an infected person. The most common symptom is discharge of pus from the genital of the affected person.

Let’s discuss about the Bacilli bacteria;

Salmonella: it causes food poisoning and most vulnerable products are egg and meat. So always buy it from a hygienic place and remember not to wash eggs just before use. It prevents the bacterium to penetrate the egg shell and infect the egg.

Escherichia coli: stays in the large intestine and not harmful if it stays that way, but in case it gets elsewhere in the body like the upper GI tract then it can make you sick. Tea from a restaurant is the most vital carriers of these coliform bacteria, as the pitchers are not properly sterilized. The E. coli also contaminates meat if the rectum of the animal is not removed carefully and the meat comes in contact with its fecal materials. Food workers need to properly wash their hands before and after toughing meat.

Vibrio Cholera is the bacterium that causes cholera. The bacterial out break begins due to poor sewage system that contaminate drinking water and through contact with an infected person. Proper hygiene is the best way to prevent cholera. The affected person suffers from diarrhea and vomiting and no one should come in direct contact with the wastes, if it happens then sanitizing hands is a must to do.

Yersinia pestis is the bacterium responsible for Bubonic Plague. Here the lymph nodes swell up usually in the arm pits and groins of the infected person. Rodents and flies carry these bacteria and have a very adverse effect on the patient. It is even called as Black Death. Streptomycin and gentamicin are the main antibiotics used to treat this lethal disease.

Another class of bacteria called the Clostridium sp. Contains 2 types of bacteria that spread diseases in humans.

The C. Botulinium causes botulism through food or wound. It results in food poisoning, as the bacterium is not digested by the gastro intestinal tract. Undercooked meat is the rich source of botulinium, so make sure to eat food when it’s well cooked and not cool. Honey also contains this bacterium and it aggravates the digestive system of infants, but is easily digested by older kids and adults.

C. Tetani is the reason of tetanus, where the person’s muscles stiffen and contract, because of the toxic secretions of the bacteria. Injury as well as drugs like strychnine can cause tetanus, it is not the rust in iron that causes tetanus.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium tuberculosis are responsible to cause tuberculosis (TB) that affects the small sacks inside lungs. It spreads through, cough and sneeze by a patient to others around him. Streptomycin was the first antibiotics used to treat tuberculosis.

Mycobacterium leprae is the bacterium that carries Hansen’s disease or leprosy in humans, where the affected body parts lose any sense of feeling through touch, as the nervous systems get damaged and can’t relay them about the dangers around them.

Treponema pallidum is the bacterium responsible for Syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease that affects the genital area as well as anus and rectum. Sores occur in these places along with lips and mouth of the affected person. Penicillin is used as the antibiotic to treat at initial stages of syphilis.

Bacteria from the genesis borrelia are responsible to cause Lyme disease in US and European countries. It spreads due to bite of deer tick and commonly known in rural and wooded places. It can result to arthritis like condition if not treated on time.